红包快手

contact number
Industry knowledge

What is the distribution and operation mode of fresh logistics?


Fresh food processing and distribution is the most complicated, the most difficult to manage, and the most demanding service level in the logistics system due to the particularity of the goods. 按储存运输属性分:常温品、低温品和冷冻品;按商品的用途可分为:原料、辅料、半成品、产成品和通常商品。 Fresh goods can be divided into quantitative goods, weighed goods and bulk goods according to their weighing and packaging properties, according to the type of logistics: storage type, medium transformation, processing type and direct delivery type ; according to storage and transportation attributes: room temperature products, low temperature Products and frozen products ; according to the purpose of the goods can be divided into: raw materials, auxiliary materials, semi-finished products, finished products and general goods. 生鲜商品保值期很短,客户对其色泽等要求很高,所以在物流过程中需要快速流转。 Most fresh goods need to be refrigerated, so the logistics circulation cycle must be short to save costs ; the fresh goods preservation period is very short, and customers have high requirements on their color and luster, so they need to be transferred quickly in the logistics process. 的物流配送费率。 The two judging criteria in the fresh food distribution center are generally summarized as "fast" and "accurate", achieving a logistics delivery rate of 2% .

The store's required order is transmitted to the fresh food distribution center in real time through the data communication platform, and the quantity of each product and the corresponding arrival date are formulated on the order. After the fresh food distribution center receives the store's demand data, it immediately generates it into the system to generate the store's demand order. At this time, the order can be comprehensively queried. After the generation is completed, the order is summarized and processed according to the arrival date. Different processing according to different types of commodity logistics:

——Storage goods:

The system calculates the current effective inventory, compares the store's demand, the daily average quantity and the corresponding supplier's delivery cycle, and automatically generates a recommended replenishment order for each stored product. The purchaser then uses this order and then the actual situation With some modifications, a formal supplier order can be formed.

——China Transformation Products:

This kind of goods is not in stock, it goes straight in and out.

Directly generate supplier orders.

——Direct delivery products:

系统直接发送到供应商。 According to the arrival date, the direct delivery suppliers of each store are allocated, and the direct delivery orders of the suppliers are directly generated and sent directly to the suppliers through the EDI system.

——Processing goods:

半成品的BOM表计算物料耗用,比对当前有效的库存,系统生成加工原料的建议订单,生产计划员根据实际需求做调整,发送采购部生成供应商原料订单。 The system summarizes the store's goods according to the date, calculates the material consumption according to the BOM table of each finished product / semi-finished product, compares the currently valid inventory, and generates a recommended order for processing raw materials. The production planner makes adjustments based on actual demand and sends it to the purchasing department to generate Supplier raw material orders.